Major facts about catatonic depression will let you know symptoms, causes, and treatment options and how to cope with the condition. Depression at the usual level or serious level causes a person to experience a very low mood. Catatonic depression is a condition in which, a person does not respond to the world around them.
The word catatonia combines two words, kata which means down, and tonas, which means tension or tone. Both come from Greek terms.
Here’re some major facts about catatonic depression. Experts believe that catatonic depression is might be the result of an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain that affects the behavior of the sufferer.
Catatonic depression is characterized by frees response. People with the condition do not respond to their surroundings and stay silent and motionless for a prolonged period.
Catatonia can occur with many different mental health conditions, including depression, mood disorders, schizophrenia, and personality disorders.
People with catatonic depression may also experience symptoms such as agitation, catalepsy, extreme negativism, echolalia, echopraxia, mania, inability to consume food or drinks, unusual mannerisms, posturing, wavy flexibility, and stereotypy.
In order to meet the criteria for catatonic depression, a person must have at least 3 of the symptoms mentioned above.
Several factors such as changes in brain structure or functioning, a family history of depression, significant life changes, or additional medical conditions, such as chronic pain, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, problems sleeping, or chronic illness can cause catatonic depression.
Benzodiazepines are the first choice of treatment by doctors for this type of depression. Benzodiazepines such as lorazepam (Ativan), reduces the depression as it has anxiety-relieving and muscle-relaxing properties.
If medication is not effective, a doctor recommends electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which is often considered the most effective treatment.